Information On Manchester
Manchester is situated in the south-central part of North West England, fringed by the Cheshire Plain to the south and the Pennines to the north and east. The recorded history of Manchester began with the civilian settlement associated with the Roman fort of Mamucium, which was established in c. 79 AD on a sandstone bluff near the confluence of the rivers Medlock and Irwell. Historically, most of the city was a part of Lancashire, although areas south of the River Mersey were in Cheshire.
Throughout the Middle Ages Manchester remained a manorial township, but it began to expand "at an astonishing rate" around the turn of the 19th century. Manchester's unplanned urbanisation was brought on by a boom in textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution,and resulted in it becoming the world's first industrialised city. An early-19th-century factory building boom transformed Manchester from a township into a major mill town and borough that was granted city status in 1853. In 1894 the Manchester Ship Canal was built, creating the Port of Manchester.
The Manchester Larger Urban Zone, a Eurostat measure of the functional city-region approximated to local government districts, has a population of 2,539,100 in 2004. In addition to Manchester itself, the LUZ includes the remainder of the county of Greater Manchester. The Manchester LUZ is the second largest within the United Kingdom, behind that of London.
Manchester's history is concerned with textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution. The great majority of cotton spinning took place in the towns of south Lancashire and north Cheshire, and Manchester was for a time the most productive centre of cotton processing, and later the world's largest marketplace for cotton goods.
Manchester was dubbed "Cottonopolis" and "Warehouse City" during the Victorian era. In Australia, New Zealand and South Africa, the term "manchester" is still used for household linen: sheets, pillow cases, towels, etc.
At 53°28′0″N 2°14′0″W, 160 miles (257 km) northwest of London, Manchester lies in a bowl-shaped land area bordered to the north and east by the Pennines, a mountain chain that runs the length of northern England, and to the south by the Cheshire Plain.
The city centre is on the east bank of the River Irwell, near its confluences with the Rivers Medlock and Irk, and is relatively low-lying, being between 115 to 138 feet (35 to 42 metres) above sea level. The River Mersey flows through the south of Manchester. Much of the inner city, especially in the south,
Manchester is well known for being a city of sport. Two Premier League football clubs bear the city's name, Manchester City and Manchester United, the 2012 Premier League champions and 2011 Premier League champions respectively.
Manchester City's ground is the City of Manchester Stadium (also known as the Etihad Stadium for sponsorship purposes); its former ground, Maine Road was demolished. The City of Manchester Stadium was built for the 2002 Commonwealth Games.
After the games, a temporary stand at the northern end of the stadium was dismantled and a permanent structure matching the rest of the stadium was developed. Manchester United's Old Trafford ground, the largest club football ground in the United Kingdom, with a capacity of 76,000, is in the borough of Trafford just outside the city.Manchester has hosted every domestic and international football competition including the FIFA World Cup (1966), UEFA European Football Championship (1996), Olympic Football(2012), UEFA Champions League Final (2003), UEFA Cup Final (2008), a FA Cup Final (1893, 1911, 1915, 1970) and League Cup Finals (1978, 1984).
Manchester United has won many trophies in English football, including a record 19 league titles, a record 11 FA Cups, four League Cups and a record 19 FA Community Shields. The club has also won three European Cups, one UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, one UEFA Super Cup, one Intercontinental Cup and one FIFA Club World Cup. In 1998–99, the club won a Treble of the Premier League, the FA Cup and the UEFA Champions League, an unprecedented feat for an English club.
Manchester United is one of the wealthiest and most widely supported football teams in the world.As of July 2012, the club is number one in Forbes magazine's annual ranking of the world's 50 most valuable sports teams, valued at $2.23 billion.After being floated on the London Stock Exchange in 1991, the club was purchased by Malcolm Glazer in May 2005 in a deal valuing the club at almost £800 million. In August 2012, Manchester United made an initial public offering on the New York Stock Exchange.
Architecture of Manchester
Manchester's buildings display a variety of architectural styles, ranging from Victorian to contemporary architecture. The widespread use of red brick characterises the city. Much of the architecture in the city harks back to its days as a global centre for the cotton trade.
Just outside the immediate city centre is a large number of former cotton mills, some of which have been left virtually untouched since their closure while many have been redeveloped into apartment buildings and office space. Manchester Town Hall, in Albert Square, was built in the Gothic revival style and is considered to be one of the most important Victorian buildings in England.
So far, the data has shown that the city centre has the highest rates of crime.
The first figures released were for December 2010, and showed that crime rates outside the city centre were highest in Didsbury and Withington.
According to the second set of figures, for January 2011, it was Tameside West, which covers Audenshaw, Denton and Droylsden, which had the highest crime rates of all the suburban districts outside the city centre.
And statistics for February 2011 showed that an average of 1,000 incidents were reported every day.
Analysis of the figures for March and April 2011 showed that the average daily crime rate had risen by a third during the five months since the maps were launched.
The majority of offences committed since 2009 have been tax fraud, with 114 cases coming to court over the last year, an increase of 68 per cent to the value £462m this year.
While nationally the figure increased by 142 per cent, figures for the north west region show a 33 per cent rise from April 2010 to the end of March this year to the value of £15.5m.
Greater Manchester Missing People Statistics 2010/2011
Quarter 1 5,025
Quarter 2 4,777
Quarter 3 4,005
Quarter 4 5,660
Where We Are
Digital World Centre ,1 Lowry Plaza, The Quays, Salford, Manchester, M50 3UB